Essay on Natural Calamities In English


Essay on Natural Calamities In English

Very unpredictable are the natural calamities like floods, earthquakes, famins and volcanic erruptions, cyclones and epidemics. On some day in the rainy season crowd in the sky dark and dense clouds. They wildly start pouring down water. 

It rains cats and dogs for days together resulting into flood conditions. Rivers, swollen with water, overflow their banks. The water flows in gusts carrying trees, standing crops, human beings, cows and buffaloes with it. 

Water crosses the banks and floods the fields, villages and cities. The bridges and houses are drowned in forceful water. Communication with other places is cut off. No food, no shelter. People suffer from a miserable and a pitiful plight.

vivia a rary are the after-flood conditions, than the flood itself. When the flood-water subsides, the whole area is wet and muddy. Trees are uprooted and crops are destroyed. Rotten pieces of wood and dead bodies of animals are seen scattered. 

A kind of filthy stinking smell of wet and rotten leaves and flesh fills the atmosphere and adds to its gloom. Such conditions give birth to epidemics and children fall prey to it. Liveliness is altogether lost and it takes years together for normal conditions to return. Such floods are most common in north India. Every year they cause immence damage of life and property.

Dry drought is another form of famine in which due to scanty or total absence of rain the field dries or burns in scorching heat. No harvest is reaped. People die for want of food and water. Dry famine of Ethieopea has taken away lives of thousands for years together. Dry drought conditions occur due to vast deforestation turning earth into a desert.

Earthquakes is another natural calamity. Owing to some, mysterious underground disturbances the earth suddenly trembles for a few seconds giving jurks on the surface. Very mild earthquakes are many a times not sensed and cause, hardly any damage. 

But an earthquake which measures five or above on the Richter scale is severe and causes enormous damages. Fearsome underground sounds are heard and strong jerks are experienced. They rock buildings and skyscrapers and turn them into heaps of bricks and dust.

People give up their shelter when they experience jerks. They run out on the street giving up their valuable belongings. Panic rules the atmosphere. The dogs start their inauspicious cry. Cattle cut their ties. They start runnig astray. 

Earthquakes take away toll of life and destroy property. They change the very face of earth. Earth is cracked. Rivers change their course. Deadly experience at Kilary in India and Sakhalin in Russia have not become a past.

A powerful earthquake thousand years back devoured the whole civilization of two cities. 'Harappa' and 'Mohenjodaro' deep down into the earth. Geological observations tell that earthquakes are common in volcano-prone areas where earth-crust is sensitive. 

Now-a-days new dam-technology invites calamities like earthquake, because due to pressure of water the surrounding earth becomes sensitive and prone to earthquakes. Wind when blows in cool breezes it is pleasant. 

But when it blows in gusts at a drastic speed it proves devastating to mankind. Its a cyclone formed due to air-depression owing to mysterious changes in atmosphere. Winds from surroundings run towards the area of depression and cause cyclone.

It moves as the area of depression moves. Cyclone brings heavy rains. The gusting winds disroot trees, posts, pillars and roofs, posters, boards. Crops are destroyed. Small huts break down rendering thousands homeless and miserable. If a furious cyclone appears in the sea, sky-high waves burst out and swallow ships caught in it. The waves dash against the shores devouring human begins in the coastal areas.

Thus a cyclone leaves behind gloom, homelessness and miserable plight Another form of nature's curse is volcanic erruptions. They are almost absent in India, but are common in the other parts of the world like Japan, Indonasia, South America. 

Volcanos are mountains or hills with an opening called 'crator' at the top. They extend to the interior of the hill and send forth boiling lava, ash, fire, various gasses, water and vapour when they errupt. Those volcanos which continuously throw out lava are called 'Active Volcanos'. Those who occasionally errupt are called 'intermittant volcanos'. 

They as if are asleep and awake after intervals. And those who never errupt after one erruption are called 'dead volcanos'. Any kind of volcanic eruption is extremely distructive. The extremely hot lava and clouds of volcanic dust errupt in sumptuous quantity and extend over a large area. The dust settles on house-roofs and trees and burns them. 

If the volcanic erruption is very massive, it spreads over such a vast area that it burries cities, towns, villages in its vicinity completely underneath and then the lava hardens. The town Pompeii in Italy was completly burried in one such erruption of volcano long back.

Sudden burst of epidemics like small pox, plague, cholara, typhoid and so many others are also nature's curses to humanity. They spread out taking away the life of thousands. They create panic and havoc. Poor people fall prey to them quickly due to lack of proper food and medicine. 

But modern science has helped humanity and saved it from such epidemics. New preventive doses and vaccines are discovered. Small pox and plague are almost like tales of past. But a new demon AIDS has come up. Though not an epidemic, this contageous disease pushes man into misery.

At some time or the other with lesser or more intensity, these natural calamities shake humanity. They leave man panic-stricken and helpless. People hit by any of these calamities need rescue and help from all over. 

Help in the form of food, clothes, and medicins come from the corners of the world. Flood-relief fund or similar funds are raised and they collect useful things like clothes, shawls, money etc. and organize relief work. Government starts relief work at emergency level with assistance of military. 

It declares economic help from the Prime Minister's Fund. The world bank also sanctions loans. Many self-less social workers come forward and render their services to reform the area hit by any of the natural calamities.

Thus are the whims of nature which cannot be forecaste. No science has any instrument to predict an earthquake or a famine. No science has any remedy over them. They are bare facts and fancies of nature. They are found to frequent in this twentieth century when man is rapidly making scientific progress. 

He builds dams with new technology. He is slaughtering down woods and forests mercilessly and greedily utilising the natural resources. Man has become selfish and thinks nature to be his monopoly. He has forgotten the fact that other living beings also deserve their share in the natural habitat. The dazzeling development of science has made man blind. 

He is using his rationality, the gift of nature, to overpower Mother Nature. But Nature with its one fatal stroke cuts down man's egotism. It shows its triumphant power. But man has learned no lesson from nature. 'Self-Preservation is the first law of nature' and nature follows its laws is our daily experience. Still, if this foolish child of Mother Nature causes her a continuous harm, it will agitate her. Then the dooms day will not be much far 

इरप्शन) - ज्वालामुखीचा उद्रेक, a cyclone (अ सायक्लोन) - वादळ; an epidemic (अॅन एपिडेमिक) - रोगाची साथ; to rain cats and dogs (ट्र रेन कॅटस् अॅण्ड डॉग्ज) मुसळधार पाऊस पडणे; a communication (कम्यूनिकेशन) - संपर्क, to cut off (टु कट ऑफ) - तुटणे, तोडणे; miserable (मिझरेबल) - हलाखीचे; pitiful (पिटिफुल) - केविलवाणी; plight (प्लाइट) - दुरवस्था; immence (इमेन्स) - खूप, पुष्कळ; to drawn (टु ड्राऊन) - बुडणे; dreary (ड्रिअरी) - उग्र; filthy (फिल्दी) - घाणेरडे; stinking (स्टिकिंग) - उग्र; dry drought- (डाय ड्रॉट) - कोरडा दुष्काळ; scorching (स्कॉचिंग) - दाहक, तळपते; deforestation (डिफॉरेस्टेशन) - जंगलतोड; a jerk (धक्का); enormous (इनॉर्मस) - पुष्कळ; to rock (टु रॉक्) - हलविणे; a skyscrapper (अ स्कायस्नपर) - गगनचुंबी इमारत; a heap (अ हीप) ढिगारा; to tremble (अ ट्रेम्बल) -- थरथरणे; inauspicious (इनॉस्पिशस) - अशुभ, अमंगल, अभद्र, havoc (हॅवक) - भीती, गोंधळ; toll (टोल्) मोठ्या संख्येने; to gallop (टु गॅलप्) - गिळणे; sensitive (सेन्सिटिव) - संवेदनाशील; a breeze (अ ब्रीझ) - झुळुक; gust (गस्ट) - झोत; mysterious (मिस्टेरियस) - गूढ; cyclone (सायक्लोन) - वादळ; active volcano (अॅक्टिव व्हॉल्कॅनो) - जागृत ज्वालामुखी; intermittant volcano (इण्टर्मिटण्ट व्होल्कॅनो) - निद्रिस्त ज्वालामुखी; a dead volcano (अ डेड व्होल्कॅनो) - मृत ज्वालामुखी; massive (मॅसिव्ह) मोठ्या प्रमाणात; vicinity (व्हिसिनिटी) - परिसर; an epidemic (अॅन एपिडेमिक) - साथीचा रोग; panic (पॅनिक) - भीती; havoc (हॅवक) - गोंधळ; preventive (प्रिवेण्टिव) - प्रतिबंधक; remedy (रेमिडी) - उपाय; to slaughter (टु स्लॉटर) - कत्तल करणे, कापणे; habitat (हॅबिटॅट) - परिसर; dazzeling (डॅझलिंग) - झगमगते; egotism (इगॉटिझम) - अहंकार, गर्व; triumphant (ट्रायम्फण्ट) - विजयी; self preservation (सेल्फ प्रिझर्व्हेशन) - स्वसंरक्षण; doomsday